We want to share with you our Research Team’s market analysis of the first quarter of 2021, which was provided to our advisor clients. We think you might find it of interest.
As we eclipse the one-year anniversary of the “work from home” mandate, it is important to preface our commentary about financial markets and the broader investment landscape with the acknowledgement that we continue to do our work against the backdrop of a global health crisis. As has been the case since the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, we continue to hope that our clients and their families are in good health. As the usual fits-and-starts of Spring commence here at Vivaldi’s headquarters in Chicago, we look forward with the hope that everyone’s life can begin to proximate something more “normal” in the quarters to come.
On the investment front, domestic markets continue to digest the impacts of new stimulus spending, wideranging proposed changes to tax policy, the initial implications of a reopening wave, and the ongoing impact of the global health crisis on all areas of the economy. The first quarter of 2021 was a rather positive one for domestic equity markets, which extended their rally after a very strong close to 2020. The persistence of the equity market rally in recent quarters has undoubtedly benefited from the unprecedented stimulus spending, as well as historically low interest rates, the latter of which is particularly important for the value of long duration equity securities.
As is generally the case, the underlying rotations and themes that generated these strong market gains were more nuanced. The most notable shift occurring around the middle of the first quarter was the sudden and significant factor rotation from growth to value. This was particularly impactful because the outperformance of growth had reigned for several years on an order of magnitude that was historically rather large.
Another notable theme was just how open the capital markets window has been even in the midst of an uncertain global macroeconomic backdrop. Whether one looks at the Special Purpose Acquisition Vehicle (“SPAC”) market, the positive reception for the most recent wave of massive technology IPOs, or the record amount of issuance in certain debt sectors, it is clear that the capital markets are currently running like a well oiled machine. Even as some of the speculative froth has retreated from some certain areas (like SPACs), the overall level of activity even in those sub-sectors has been impressive in any historical context. While such accommodative equity and debt capital markets can conceal true fundamental weakness, many companies within those markets have continued to report near record-setting fundamental performance as well.
One undeniable upside of such accommodating capital markets is that, thus far, the financial ecosystem has been able to absorb and contain several negative market events without those risks spilling over into tangential markets. In our last two letters we discussed both the forced liquidation within the mortgage REIT sector (and some related areas) in the middle of 2020, as well as the massive hedge fund unwind that occurred in January of 2021. More recently, headlines were dominated by the losses taken by a handful of investment banks when a highly leveraged family office client was forced to meet large margin calls. Our concern around these types of market events usually has to do with the unexpected ways that forced liquidation and deleveraging in even a small sub-sector of the financial markets can be contagious to larger and more systemically important market functions. While all of the events we just discussed have been very impactful to a sub-set of market participants, the reality is none of them have yet produced material correlated risks elsewhere in financial markets.
As discussed in our last letter, one of the most notable themes in equity markets in recent quarters has been the continued and significant dispersion across both sectors and individual securities as the relative winners and losers of COVID-19 became clearer. That trend has continued in 2021, with the additional tailwind that we have seen volatility across the market compress notably.
Lastly, it is worth noting that credit markets ranging from US Treasuries to more nuanced structured credit have all recovered from their COVID-19 dislocation in truly impressive form. While the first quarter of the year was somewhat of a muted period for broad credit market performance (as seen in the chart below), much of the weakness was due to interest rate duration sensitivity as rates backed up modestly or to broader trading pressure on secondary markets from record or near-record new debt issuance. While the wave of corporate defaults in both high yield and leveraged loans in 2020 was certainly material in a historical context, it appears that the peak of those defaults is now behind us. While the stressed and distressed credit hunting grounds remain fruitful, the average healthy company has very easy access to inexpensive credit markets. We continue to see the same positive operating environment persist in the structured credit markets. Global institutions, driven by continued low and negative international interest rates, have been very aggressive on the yield they are looking for on very high-rated bonds backed by these securitizations. That continued demand has been responsible for driving a huge boom in issuance of securitized product.
As always, we want to be candid about our limited ability to successfully make overarching macro calls. Our team spends a lot of time talking to market participants of all shapes and sizes and we look to aggregate insights from those dialogues to help inform where we choose to focus our attention from both a prospecting and risk management/oversight perspective. As we roll toward the summer, we continue to be impressed (if not outright surprised) at how well broader financial markets are coping with the continued backdrop of a global health pandemic. With that said, we will always have a focus on attempting to remain vigilant with respect to emerging risks that could affect any of our underlying managers or strategies.
As always, we want to thank you for your trust and confidence in Vivaldi. We are continuing to work every day to maintain that confidence. Please do not hesitate to reach out with any questions, comments, or client service needs.
MICHAEL PECK, CFA
President, Co-Chief Investment Officer
BRIAN R. MURPHY
*All Chart Sources: Bloomberg
** Historical SPAC Issuance Chart Source: Citadel Securities
To download a PDF of the report, click here.